BWINDI FOREST NATIONAL PARK
Its found in Uganda in the Southwestern Uganda, on the edge of the Albertine Rift and its shared by three different districts which are; Kisoro, Kanungu and Kabale districts. The distance from Kampala, which takes 10 hours is approximately 534Km from the city. The park is boardering the Democratic Republic of Congo.
With 326 gorillas, Bwindi is home to almost half of the world’s population of mountain gorillas. This true African jungle covers 33.000 hectares, with about 400 species of snakes, about 250 species of trees, 27 species of frogs, over 250 species of butterflies, lizards, chameleons, geckos, chimpanzees, gorillas and baboons.
The altitude of Bwindi is about 1,190m to 2,607m. While the highest point occurs in Rwamunyonyi hill on its Eastern edge, the lowest occurs in the northern most tip of the park. And it’s a tropical kind of climate, having 2 rainfall peaks, which start from March to May and then from September to November. The range of the annual mean temperature is from 7-150C as the minimum to 20-280C as maximum.
LOCAL COMMUNITIES NEAR THE PARK
The Batwa pygmies who were hunter-gatherers are believed to be the original inhabitants of the forest. And the other neighbouring people are the Bakiga and Bakonjo. Their population is in the range of 350 persons per square kilometre.
Birds in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest
Bwindi impenetrable National Park is Africa’s most biodiverse forest with an impressive 350 species of bird. There are 23 species endemic to the Albertine Rift and14 species are recorded nowhere else in Uganda, and include the African green broadbill, white- tailed blue flycatcher, brown-necked parrot, white-bellied robin chat among others. It’s slippery valleys, high draught ridges and a generally steep landscape makes it not only virtually impenetrable but a bird sanctuary.
GORILLA TRACKING IN BWINDI
Mountain gorillas can be tracked from two locations in Bwindi; Buhoma on the northern edge of the forest and Nkuringo on the southern edge of the forest. Buhoma is the busier site with three habituated gorilla groups-Mubare, Habinyanja A and Habinyanja B. One of these groups usually roams within reasonable walking distance. Nkuringo is the toughest of the gorilla racking locations as it is physically exerting and not for the unfit, elderly or fainthearted.